Tech firms do not want factories or industrial land, they want information. Insurance policies to stimulate the tech sector ought to make investments the place it’s created and accumulate information, in individuals, and perceive that it’s a long-term guess the place there are not any shortcuts.
Twentieth-century firms in Spain had an issue that restricted their progress: the shortage of enough area to develop and develop. Polygons promoted by public powers they supplied industrial land with good location, communications, the required providers and an inexpensive price.
Within the 21st century, politicians of all stripes attempt to guess on technological innovation with the identical old style coverage, creating expertise parks, as if expertise firms had an area downside. The misunderstanding is logical: on the earth there are geographic hubs the place probably the most modern firms are concentrated and it’s tempting to suppose that the mere truth of bringing firms collectively causes synergies to happen, magic arises and technological firms corresponding to mushrooms are born. Sadly this doesn’t work like that.
A technological and innovation hub is particular exactly as a result of the businesses that make it up have been born there. Solely in that case have their former workers acquired the ‘superpowers’ vital to begin their very own main firms sooner or later. Profitable firm founders, in flip, develop into buyers who finance the brand new batch of ‘start-ups’. Though any ‘hub’ receives exterior vitality that reinforces it, buyers and employees come from everywhere in the world, the important thing to a ‘hub’ is its intrinsic vitality. This inner vitality develops organically and naturally over time as a result of modern information resides in particular individuals who study, mature and evolve. And that is how the virtuous circle of those locations works, that is the magic, that is the ecosystem. In Spain, we all know the tales of specialised industrial hubs which were organically shaped in the identical method.
Now let’s take a look at the record of firms in any Spanish expertise park and we are going to see principally service firms: giant consulting companies, small consulting companies, ‘advertising’ companies, suppliers of every kind and a few multinational whose arrival was introduced with nice fanfare. The magic won’t come up as a result of they’re neither the precise firms, nor have they arrive for the precise causes. Most firms aren’t tech, they do not have scalable ‘international domination’ merchandise and quite the opposite, they’re service firms based mostly on the sale of hours. Multinationals will come attracted by the abundance of low cost expert labor and area, they won’t be a hotbed for different new multinationals. The worth proposition of Spanish expertise parks is what it’s, it’s based mostly on attracting firms, not producing them, that’s the reason expertise parks don’t assist to alter the nation’s manufacturing mannequin one iota.
The paradigmatic instance is maybe the Andalusia Expertise Park in Malaga, thought of probably the most profitable public initiatives nationwide for its capacity to draw companies and multinationals. A number of the brightest Spanish expertise start-ups on a world stage have additionally been born in Malaga (Freepik, Uptodown, Besoccer …), however curiously none of them have been born in that park. The truth is that after a number of many years of existence, the park has not created a virtuous circle of technology of latest expertise firms, a lot much less a neighborhood ecosystem of expertise buyers. The park has been profitable in attracting, not producing.
The proposal of technological hubs in Spain is to draw expertise, not generate it
In Malaga there’s additionally a cybersecurity firm, Virus Whole, which Google purchased 9 years in the past. Google has simply introduced the opening of a cybersecurity middle in Malaga and a whole bunch of thousands and thousands of funding. It isn’t a fortuitous determination, Google doesn’t deliver the workplace to Malaga because it might have introduced it to Alicante. This initiative was genuinely born in Malaga as a result of that’s the place a group with ‘superpowers’ already exists that has grown organically from the seed of Virus Whole. It wasn’t a fast fly both, however a gradual pure strategy of progress and maturation led by its founder, Bernardo Quintero. Virus Whole has even created, in collaboration with the College of Malaga, what might be the very best grasp’s diploma in cybersecurity on the earth and which shall be your supply for specialised personnel. Bernardo is offering us reside and direct the chance to see how a specialised cybersecurity ecosystem is shaped.
Neither Freepik, nor Besoccer, nor Uptodown have been born, nor have they gone to the Malaga expertise park. After all Google isn’t going to open its cybersecurity middle within the expertise park. All these firms aren’t drawn to locations situated on the outskirts or in the midst of nowhere, quite the opposite they’re drawn to the middle of cities. Difficulties, constructive limitations or prices don’t deter them as a result of they attempt to be enticing to usher in the very best expertise. Malaga and plenty of different Spanish cities have vibrant and energetic historic facilities, that’s exactly what makes them enticing. The trend for polygon expertise parks is shocking in a rustic the place we’re so clear about our dedication to the solar, the seaside, our cities and their gastronomy. Now it seems that expertise firms don’t like polygons.